Cheer up, it's good for your health.
So say doctors in University College London, who have reported that a happy disposition in middle age means lower heart rate and lower levels of the stress-hormone cortisol. Their research also found that such people have lower levels of heart disease, type 2 diabetes and disability.
They still don't fully understand how all this works, but it's enough to put you in a good humor.
Positive affect and health-related neuroendocrine,
cardiovascular, and inflammatory processes.
Steptoe A, Wardle J, Marmot M. International Centre for Health and Society, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London WC1E 6BT, United Kingdom.
Negative affective states such as depression are associated with premature mortality and increased risk of coronary heart disease, type 2 diabetes, and disability. It has been suggested that positive affective states are protective, but the pathways through which such effects might be mediated are poorly understood. Here we show that positive affect in middle-aged men and women is associated with reduced neuroendocrine, inflammatory, and cardiovascular activity. Positive affect was assessed by aggregating momentary experience samples of happiness over a working day and was inversely related to cortisol output over the day, independently of age, gender, socioeconomic position, body mass, and smoking. Similar patterns were observed on a leisure day. Happiness was also inversely related to heart rate assessed by using ambulatory monitoring methods over the day. Participants underwent mental stress testing in the laboratory, where plasma fibrinogen stress responses were smaller in happier individuals. These effects were independent of psychological distress, supporting the notion that positive well-being is directly related to health-relevant biological processes.